Beyond the Boundaries: Enigma of Distinguishing Exophytic Upper Pole Renal Cell Carcinoma From an Adrenal Mass

Shalini T. Laroia, Vikas Jain, Archana Rastogi


We report the clinical presentation, imaging findings, intra-operative appearance and pathological results of an exophytic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) of the upper pole of kidney which was presumed to arise from the ipsilateral adrenal gland. The origin of the mass was virtually indistinguishable on imaging and intraoperatively. It was determined only at histopathology examination of the resected tumor specimen. The authors are presenting few observations based on retrospective analysis of imaging and intra-operative finding of this diagnostic dilemna. This case highlights the prudent use of imaging and management approach in this group of tumors, so that adequate treatment strategies can be made preoperatively.

World J Nephrol Urol. 2015;4(2):222-225


Renal cell carcinoma; Adrenal mass; Magnetic resonance imaging; Laparoscopic resection

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World Journal of Nephrology & Urology, quarterly, ISSN 1927-1239 (print), 1927-1247 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
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