Case of New Onset Acute Leukemia Complicated by Renal Calculi and Gout Attack: A Case Report

Cima Hamieh, Mahmoud El-Hussein, Elie Zaghrini


Increased level of uric acid could be due to several etiologies, mainly non-balanced diet, and if uncontrolled can cause serious outcomes. Hyperuricemias major adverse effects in an individual can include nephropathy, nephrolithiasis and uric acid depositions in joints. On the other hand, hyperuricemia can be the result of several underlying disorders, of which are the hematologic malignancies. A case presented to our institution with generalized fatigue found to have multiple electrolytes abnormalities. On further investigation, the patient was diagnosed with acute leukemia, hyperuricemia and kidney calculus and acute gouty arthritis concurrently, and treated with surgery, corticosteroid and uric acid lowering agents and pain management. Diagnosis and rapid management of acute leukemia associated with hyperuricemia is crucial to avoid the complication of uric acid accumulation in different body organs.

World J Nephrol Urol. 2021;10(1):18-20


Acute leukemia; Kidney stone; Acute gouty arthritis; Hyperuricemia

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World Journal of Nephrology & Urology, quarterly, ISSN 1927-1239 (print), 1927-1247 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
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