The Impact of Sociodemographic and Psychological Variables on Quality of Life in Patients With Renal Disease: Findings of a Cross-Sectional Study in Greece

Paraskevi A. Theofilou


Background: Renal failure is a chronic disease that can have serious effects on patients quality of life (QoL). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of QoL to sociodemographic variables (gender, age, education, marital status) as well as clinical variables (self-reported mental health, depression and anxiety) in end-stage renal disease patients (ESRD). For this purpose, measures assessing QoL as well as mental health were used.

Method: A total of 144 in-centre haemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD/PD) patients were administered the WHOQOL-BREF, GHQ-28, CES-D and STAI questionnaires.

Results: Age was found to have an effect on QoLs physical and social domains, while education on the environment domain. Marital status was observed to have a relationship with the psychological and social domains.

Conclusions: Being female, older, less educated and divorced/widowed may relate to a more compromised QoL in ESRD requiring individualized interventions.



End-stage renal disease; Hemodialysis; Peritoneal dialysis; Quality of life; Sociodemographic variables

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World Journal of Nephrology & Urology, quarterly, ISSN 1927-1239 (print), 1927-1247 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
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