From Hypokalemic Crisis to Sjogrens Syndrome: A Case Report and Literature Review

Mansour Mbengue, Cedric Ouanekpone, Seynabou Diagne, Abdou Niang


Renal involvement occurs in approximately 5% of patients with Sjogrens syndrome (SS). We report the case of a 20-year-old African woman who developed paraplegia secondary to hypokalemia. The diagnosis of renal tubular acidosis type 1 complicated by hypokalemia was made. After a search for the cause of renal tubular acidosis type 1, a diagnosis of primary SS was made. The patient received symptomatic treatment consisting of potassium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, hydration and a low protein diet. In terms of treatment, she was put on corticosteroid and hydroxychloroquine. The outcome was favorable with correction of acidosis and hypokalemia.

World J Nephrol Urol. 2021;10(1):15-17


Paraplegia; Hypokalemia; Renal tubular acidosis type 1; Sjogren’s syndrome; Corticosteroid

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World Journal of Nephrology & Urology, quarterly, ISSN 1927-1239 (print), 1927-1247 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
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